Stirling Castle dominates the burgh of Stirling in central Scotland, and also stands on a rock, controlling an important crossing of the Forth.
In the twelfth century or earlier a fortress existed on the same spot. Both Alexander I and William the Lion died at this castle. It was seized by Edward I in 1304, but was restored to the Scots after Bannockburn in 1314. Murdoch, Duke of Albany, and his sons were executed in the castle in 1425, and James II and James III were born here. William, with Earl of Douglas, was murdered by James II and his corpse thrown out of one of the windows in 1452. Mary, Queen of Scots, was crowned in the old chapel in 1543, and James IV was baptised here in 1566. Charles I and Charles II both visited, and Stirling was besieged by Cromwell’s forces but soon surrendered. The castle was garrisoned in the Jacobite risings of 1715 and 1745-46, and was besieged rather ineffectually by the Jacobites. It was used by the army until 1964/
Stirling Castle is said to be haunted by several ghosts, including Green Lady, a Pink Lady, and the apparition of a kilted man. The castle is now in the care of Historic Scotland.
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